A root canal is a when a dental professional removes damaged soft tissue such as the blood vessels and nerves inside the canal of the tooth, also known as dental pulp. When a patient has a severe cavity or a cracked tooth, germs make their way into the canal, thus infecting the soft tissue. Over time, this infection can spread, meaning the patient may have to undergo a tooth extraction.
A root canal can prevent the need for tooth extraction by removing the infected dental pulp and cleaning the canal from bacteria. The canal is then sealed before a crown is bonded to the tooth.
A root canal is essential in preventing the following conditions: