The most common reason for tooth extraction is decay. Before performing a tooth extraction, a dental professional will exhaust all other restorative treatment options such as placing onlays, inlays, crowns or drilling the tooth. However, if these will not yield results, extraction is essential to prevent further damage or infections.
Additionally, a dentist may perform a tooth extraction if a patient needs more space in their mouth for orthodontic treatments, or if they have impacted teeth.
Simple tooth extraction is done if a tooth is visible above your gum line. This dental procedure is done under local anesthesia. When teeth are hidden by the gum line, the dentist performs a surgical extraction, this treatment can be done under sedation and/or local anesthesia.